Al Fawaaid Al Qawaaid an-Nawawi rahimahullah

Class #75  Sat. 5/2/09

Al Fawaaid Al Qawaaid an-Nawawi rahimahullah

Notes taken by Ukht fi Eman rahimahallah & Umm Joumaanah

Ukht fi Eman wrote:

Narrated Amr Sufyaan Abdullah radi

Allahu anhu, he said Oh, Messenger of Allah salla lahu alayhi wa salaam, tell me something about Islam that only you can tell me? He salla lahu alayhi wa salaam said, say:  I believe in Allah and be steadfast.

Those two statements encompasses the principles of Islam (to believe in Allah and be steadfast)

The meaning of Istiqaamah:  To believe in Allah and be steadfast (to remain straight)

There are many statements that came from the Companions of the Messenger of Allah salla lahu alayhi wa salaam regarding Istiqaamah (being steadfast)

Ibn Abbas al Qatada stated:  Istiqaamah means the person is steadfast in fulfilling their obligations.

Al Qaadi Iyyad bin Musa bin Baqsaadi as Sittee aka Abu Fadhl, was born in 496AH and died in 544 AH.  He is from Spain.  His grandparents moved from Spain to a place called Fass, then Subt.  He’s one of the greatest scholars of memorization of Fiqh and Ahadith.  From his knowledge (books he wrote) are…?

Al Qaadi Iyyad radi Allahu anhu said that Istiqaamah is to single out Allah alone, and believe in Him, then remain steadfast.

Ibn Kathir rahimahullah said about Istiqaamah:  They’re deeds were sincerely for Allah ta ala and they hastened to His Obedience.

Imam al Qurtubi said, if this enters the summary form, it means being straight in the obedience to Allah, in belief, statements and actions, and they’re consistent upon this.

What supports this hadith is: 
“Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allâh (Alone),” and then they Istaqâmû , on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!” (Fussilat 41:30)

The supporting hadith is in an Nawawi Forty Hadith, #21

So stand (ask Allâh to make) you (Muhammad SAW) firm and straight (on the religion of Islâmic Monotheism) as you are commanded and those (your companions) who turn in repentance (unto Allâh) with you, and transgress not (Allâh’s legal limits). Verily, He is All-Seer of what you do. (Hud 11:112)

Umm Joumaanah wrote::

continuity of doing something following up with it and making sure it is done in the right way. There is no deviation nor swirving.

Virtues of Istiqaamah:

HOlding to the sustenance and the expantion in the dunya.

Allaah ta3aalaa stated:

If they (non-Muslims) had believed in Allâh, and went on the Right Way (i.e. Islâm) We should surely have bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance. (Al-Jinn 72:16)

Imaam Al Qurtubi said: If the disbelievers would believe it would make it abandance int his dunya and we would expand their sustenance.

Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allâh (Alone),” and then they Istaqâmû , on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised! (Fussilat 41:30)

“We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your inner-selves desire, and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask for. (Fussilat 41:31)

“An entertainment from (Allâh), the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Fussilat 41:32)

And this aayah indicates the decending of the angels to the one who is steadfast upon the religion when they are about to die. And they will be with them in their grave and when they will be resurrected. they assure them and comfort them of al mawt. And they will remove the soul the grieve that it has upon the depart of his children.

That Allaah 3azza wa jal will be incharge of them in that regard. Then he will be given the glad tidings(mubashshir) of maghfirah(forgiveness of the sin) and the expiation of the sin.

forgiveness of the sin(maghfiratoul dhunuub)

And it’s actions/deeds will be accepted(this is the person upon istiqaamah) and these are the virtues of the one who did not deviate, and stood upon siraatoul mustaqeem and did not swirve and end up with other hizb(groups/parties).

And he will be given the glad tidings of paradise, that which in it that neither eye has seen in jannah nor the ears heards nor anything that crossed in the heart of the person.

Al Istiqaamah suluukus siraatoul mustaqeem: Istiqaamah is a behaviour or step(s) to the siraatoul mustaqeem and to achieve to be upon the straight path.

Allaah ordered His messenger and those who followed him to be steadfast upon that which is in agreement to the shari3ah of Allaah 3azza wa jal.

For indeed this is the deen(religion) that Allaah soubhaanahou wa ta3aalaa ordered us to be with(to be upon istiqaamah).

And anything other than that from the statement of man that is empty from providing daleel(evidence and the like) and it will not be a hujjah.

So stand (ask Allâh to make) you (Muhammad SAW) firm and straight (on the religion of Islâmic Monotheism) as you are commanded and those (your companions) who turn in repentance (unto Allâh) with you, and transgress not (Allâh’s legal limits). Verily, He is All-Seer of what you do. (Hud 11:112)

So unto this (religion of Islâm, alone and this Qur’ân) then invite (people) (O Muhammad SAW), and Istaqim [(i.e. stand firm and straight on Islâmic Monotheism by performing all that is ordained by Allâh (good deeds, etc.), and by abstaining from all that is forbidden

by Allâh (sins and evil deeds, etc.)], as you are commanded, and follow not their desires but say: “I believe in whatsoever Allâh has sent down of the Book [all the holy Books, this Qur’ân and the Books of the old from the Taurât (Torah), or the Injeel (Gospel) or the Pages of Ibrâhim (Abraham)

and I am commanded to do justice among you, Allâh is our Lord and your Lord. For us our deeds and for you your deeds. There is no dispute between us and you. Allâh will assemble us (all), and to Him is the final return. (Ash-Shura 42:15)

The most greatest thing from the limbs/body of the servant is that he has to strive to make it upon istiqaamah is al-qalb(the heart).

he has to make sure his heart is firm and upon siraatoul mustaqeem. Because the heart is that which controls the rest of the body.

By the heart there is steadfast then the rest of the body will be upon istiqaamah as well.

For that reason one should concern about his heart. Trying to rectify/correct that which is in his heart. If the heart is rectified and upon istiqaamah then the rest of the limbs/body will follow the heart.

Steadfastness of the tongue:

The most greatest thing that one has to be concern of after the heart is the tongue(lisaan).

Because the tongue reflects upon the mechanism of the heart.

And indeed something may come out of the tongue of the person that he did not weigh it to be anything. Because of his statement it would be a reason for him to be destroyed. In this worldly life and in the hereafter.

The general term that which lands the people in the hellfire is the lisaan(tongue).

And there is a lot of text that have been stated/mention that which shows the dread of what comes out of the lisaan. As there are many texts that have been mentionned encouraging one to safeguard their tongue, and in agreement to the commandments of Allaah 3azza wa jal with great reward.

WARNINGS HOW ONE SHOULD PROTECT THEIR TONGUE:

Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). (Qaf 50:18)

And the aayah explains that speech/statement of the person is taking account upon him, and every statement that is uttered by him there is a watcher of what he says and they are recording his statement.

Whether the statement is something that is good or evil.

And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. one’s saying: “I have seen,” while in fact he has not seen, or “I have heard,” while he has not heard). Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allâh). (Al-Isra 17:36)

The aayah indicates that upon every person Allaah will tabaarak wa ta3aalaa will question him. All that which he has uttered, what he heard and witnessed. And if he acts upon these jawaarih(limbs/organs) the hearing , seeing and speaking. If he uses it the way how Allaah commands him then he is from the safe ones, and if he uses them in contrary to that then he will be destroyed.

Narrated by Abou Hourayrah(radhiyAllaahou 3anhou)Veriy, the person will make a statement that which is pleasing to Allaah that it will not be any concern to him and Allaah will raise the person’s statement to levels, and another servant will make a statement of sukhut of Allaah ta3aalaa that which Allaah is displeased with and it will not be seen as anything and he will be thrown into the hellfire.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa3ad:The messenger sallallaahou 3alayhi wa sallam said: whoever assures me that which is between his two jaws (lisaan) and that which is between his legs(private parts) then Allaah has guarateed him jannah.

Benefits: The eargerness that the companions had upon seeking naseeha from the messenger sallallaahou 3alayhi wa sallam and learning the matters of their deen

2. As it is comitted of being steadfast upon eemaan and sticking to it until death comes to you.

3. Such that which was given to the Messenger sallallaahou 3alayhi wa sallam with concise statement.(he would say something small but it is heavy in it’s meaning).

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