The last to enter Paradise

Ukhti Fi Eman

“… When Allah has finished the judgments among His slaves, and intends to take out of the Fire whoever He wishes to take out from among those who used to testify that none had the right to be worshipped but Allah… there will remain one man who will be facing the (Hell) Fire and will say, ‘O Lord! It’s (Hell’s) vapor has Poisoned and smoked me and its flame has burnt me; please turn my face away from the Fire.’ He will keep on invoking Allah till Allah says, ‘Perhaps, if I give you what you want), you will ask for another thing?’ The man will say, ‘No, by Your Power, I will not ask You for anything else.’

Then Allah will turn his face away from the Fire. The man will say after that, ‘O Lord, bring me near the gate of Paradise.’ Allah will say (to him), ‘Didn’t you promise not to ask for anything else? Woe to you, O son of Adam ! How treacherous you are!’ The man will keep on invoking Allah till Allah will say, ‘But if I give you that, you may ask me for something else.’ The man will say, ‘No, by Your Power. I will not ask for anything else.’ He will give Allah his covenant and promise not to ask for anything else after that. So Allah will bring him near to the gate of Paradise, and when he sees what is in it, he will remain silent as long as Allah will, and then he will say, ‘O Lord! Let me enter Paradise.’ Allah will say, ‘Didn’t you promise that you would not ask Me for anything other than that? Woe to you, O son of Adam ! How treacherous you are!’ On that, the man will say, ‘O Lord! Do not make me the most wretched of Your creation,’ and will keep on invoking Allah till Allah will smile and when Allah will smile because of him, then He will allow him to enter Paradise, and when he will enter Paradise, he will be addressed, ‘Wish from so-and-so.’ He will wish till all his wishes will be fulfilled, then Allah will say, All this (i.e. what you have wished for) and as much again therewith are for you.’ “

Abu Huraira added: That man will be the last of the people of Paradise to enter (Paradise).

Narrated ‘Ata (while Abu Huraira was narrating): Abu Said was sitting in the company of Abu Huraira and he did not deny anything of his narration till he reached his saying: “All this and as much again therewith are for you.” Then Abu Sa’id said, “I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘This is for you and ten times as much.’ ” Abu Huraira said, “In my memory it is ‘as much again therewith.’ ”

(Bukhari, Heart-Softening Narrations, #6162)

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Al Fawaaid Al Qawaaid an-Nawawi rahimahullah

Class #75  Sat. 5/2/09

Al Fawaaid Al Qawaaid an-Nawawi rahimahullah

Notes taken by Ukht fi Eman rahimahallah & Umm Joumaanah

Ukht fi Eman wrote:

Narrated Amr Sufyaan Abdullah radi

Allahu anhu, he said Oh, Messenger of Allah salla lahu alayhi wa salaam, tell me something about Islam that only you can tell me? He salla lahu alayhi wa salaam said, say:  I believe in Allah and be steadfast.

Those two statements encompasses the principles of Islam (to believe in Allah and be steadfast)

The meaning of Istiqaamah:  To believe in Allah and be steadfast (to remain straight)

There are many statements that came from the Companions of the Messenger of Allah salla lahu alayhi wa salaam regarding Istiqaamah (being steadfast)

Ibn Abbas al Qatada stated:  Istiqaamah means the person is steadfast in fulfilling their obligations.

Al Qaadi Iyyad bin Musa bin Baqsaadi as Sittee aka Abu Fadhl, was born in 496AH and died in 544 AH.  He is from Spain.  His grandparents moved from Spain to a place called Fass, then Subt.  He’s one of the greatest scholars of memorization of Fiqh and Ahadith.  From his knowledge (books he wrote) are…?

Al Qaadi Iyyad radi Allahu anhu said that Istiqaamah is to single out Allah alone, and believe in Him, then remain steadfast.

Ibn Kathir rahimahullah said about Istiqaamah:  They’re deeds were sincerely for Allah ta ala and they hastened to His Obedience.

Imam al Qurtubi said, if this enters the summary form, it means being straight in the obedience to Allah, in belief, statements and actions, and they’re consistent upon this.

What supports this hadith is: 
“Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allâh (Alone),” and then they Istaqâmû , on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!” (Fussilat 41:30)

The supporting hadith is in an Nawawi Forty Hadith, #21

So stand (ask Allâh to make) you (Muhammad SAW) firm and straight (on the religion of Islâmic Monotheism) as you are commanded and those (your companions) who turn in repentance (unto Allâh) with you, and transgress not (Allâh’s legal limits). Verily, He is All-Seer of what you do. (Hud 11:112)

Umm Joumaanah wrote::

continuity of doing something following up with it and making sure it is done in the right way. There is no deviation nor swirving.

Virtues of Istiqaamah:

HOlding to the sustenance and the expantion in the dunya.

Allaah ta3aalaa stated:

If they (non-Muslims) had believed in Allâh, and went on the Right Way (i.e. Islâm) We should surely have bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance. (Al-Jinn 72:16)

Imaam Al Qurtubi said: If the disbelievers would believe it would make it abandance int his dunya and we would expand their sustenance.

Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allâh (Alone),” and then they Istaqâmû , on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised! (Fussilat 41:30)

“We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your inner-selves desire, and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask for. (Fussilat 41:31)

“An entertainment from (Allâh), the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Fussilat 41:32)

And this aayah indicates the decending of the angels to the one who is steadfast upon the religion when they are about to die. And they will be with them in their grave and when they will be resurrected. they assure them and comfort them of al mawt. And they will remove the soul the grieve that it has upon the depart of his children.

That Allaah 3azza wa jal will be incharge of them in that regard. Then he will be given the glad tidings(mubashshir) of maghfirah(forgiveness of the sin) and the expiation of the sin.

forgiveness of the sin(maghfiratoul dhunuub)

And it’s actions/deeds will be accepted(this is the person upon istiqaamah) and these are the virtues of the one who did not deviate, and stood upon siraatoul mustaqeem and did not swirve and end up with other hizb(groups/parties).

And he will be given the glad tidings of paradise, that which in it that neither eye has seen in jannah nor the ears heards nor anything that crossed in the heart of the person.

Al Istiqaamah suluukus siraatoul mustaqeem: Istiqaamah is a behaviour or step(s) to the siraatoul mustaqeem and to achieve to be upon the straight path.

Allaah ordered His messenger and those who followed him to be steadfast upon that which is in agreement to the shari3ah of Allaah 3azza wa jal.

For indeed this is the deen(religion) that Allaah soubhaanahou wa ta3aalaa ordered us to be with(to be upon istiqaamah).

And anything other than that from the statement of man that is empty from providing daleel(evidence and the like) and it will not be a hujjah.

So stand (ask Allâh to make) you (Muhammad SAW) firm and straight (on the religion of Islâmic Monotheism) as you are commanded and those (your companions) who turn in repentance (unto Allâh) with you, and transgress not (Allâh’s legal limits). Verily, He is All-Seer of what you do. (Hud 11:112)

So unto this (religion of Islâm, alone and this Qur’ân) then invite (people) (O Muhammad SAW), and Istaqim [(i.e. stand firm and straight on Islâmic Monotheism by performing all that is ordained by Allâh (good deeds, etc.), and by abstaining from all that is forbidden

by Allâh (sins and evil deeds, etc.)], as you are commanded, and follow not their desires but say: “I believe in whatsoever Allâh has sent down of the Book [all the holy Books, this Qur’ân and the Books of the old from the Taurât (Torah), or the Injeel (Gospel) or the Pages of Ibrâhim (Abraham)

and I am commanded to do justice among you, Allâh is our Lord and your Lord. For us our deeds and for you your deeds. There is no dispute between us and you. Allâh will assemble us (all), and to Him is the final return. (Ash-Shura 42:15)

The most greatest thing from the limbs/body of the servant is that he has to strive to make it upon istiqaamah is al-qalb(the heart).

he has to make sure his heart is firm and upon siraatoul mustaqeem. Because the heart is that which controls the rest of the body.

By the heart there is steadfast then the rest of the body will be upon istiqaamah as well.

For that reason one should concern about his heart. Trying to rectify/correct that which is in his heart. If the heart is rectified and upon istiqaamah then the rest of the limbs/body will follow the heart.

Steadfastness of the tongue:

The most greatest thing that one has to be concern of after the heart is the tongue(lisaan).

Because the tongue reflects upon the mechanism of the heart.

And indeed something may come out of the tongue of the person that he did not weigh it to be anything. Because of his statement it would be a reason for him to be destroyed. In this worldly life and in the hereafter.

The general term that which lands the people in the hellfire is the lisaan(tongue).

And there is a lot of text that have been stated/mention that which shows the dread of what comes out of the lisaan. As there are many texts that have been mentionned encouraging one to safeguard their tongue, and in agreement to the commandments of Allaah 3azza wa jal with great reward.

WARNINGS HOW ONE SHOULD PROTECT THEIR TONGUE:

Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). (Qaf 50:18)

And the aayah explains that speech/statement of the person is taking account upon him, and every statement that is uttered by him there is a watcher of what he says and they are recording his statement.

Whether the statement is something that is good or evil.

And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. one’s saying: “I have seen,” while in fact he has not seen, or “I have heard,” while he has not heard). Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allâh). (Al-Isra 17:36)

The aayah indicates that upon every person Allaah will tabaarak wa ta3aalaa will question him. All that which he has uttered, what he heard and witnessed. And if he acts upon these jawaarih(limbs/organs) the hearing , seeing and speaking. If he uses it the way how Allaah commands him then he is from the safe ones, and if he uses them in contrary to that then he will be destroyed.

Narrated by Abou Hourayrah(radhiyAllaahou 3anhou)Veriy, the person will make a statement that which is pleasing to Allaah that it will not be any concern to him and Allaah will raise the person’s statement to levels, and another servant will make a statement of sukhut of Allaah ta3aalaa that which Allaah is displeased with and it will not be seen as anything and he will be thrown into the hellfire.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa3ad:The messenger sallallaahou 3alayhi wa sallam said: whoever assures me that which is between his two jaws (lisaan) and that which is between his legs(private parts) then Allaah has guarateed him jannah.

Benefits: The eargerness that the companions had upon seeking naseeha from the messenger sallallaahou 3alayhi wa sallam and learning the matters of their deen

2. As it is comitted of being steadfast upon eemaan and sticking to it until death comes to you.

3. Such that which was given to the Messenger sallallaahou 3alayhi wa sallam with concise statement.(he would say something small but it is heavy in it’s meaning).

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Hadith of the Guarantee

Hadith of the Guarantee
by Shaykh Abdur-Razzaq bin Abdul-Muhsin Al-Abbaad حفظهما الله
on Saturday, April 8th, 2006
http://albaseerah.org/forum/showthread.php?t=1658

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

1. Question: Is it allowed to keep the daily newspaper inside the house (as it also contains pictures)? How do we understand the hadith the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم: “The angels do not enter into a house (room) where there is a picture”[5] and other similar ahaadeeth about those that make pictures that they will be tortured on the Day of Resurrection[6]?
Answer: The issue is as mentioned by questioner regarding the danger of pictures or picture-taking. Indeed there is a great threat as it relates to it and it is very dangerous. For this reason, that which the Muslims should do as it relates to these pictures, is to only keep in his home that which is of dire necessity, or if there is a great need for these pictures. That which there is no need for should be gotten rid of. That which remains should be only pictures known as (الصور الممتحنة) – the pictures that are not used for glorification by being placed on walls etc. As it relates to other than these types of pictures then one should strive to get rid of rest of them to best of his ability because it is a dangerous issue.

2. Question: I have two daughters who are currently living in Egypt with their father. He does not allow me to speak with them unless he is able to be there with them. He spends most of his time here in America while they are there with his wife. I would like my children back here with me or if that is not possible I want some kind of relationship with them. I have not spoken to my children for three (3) years, and have not seen them for four (4) years. What is your advice to me and to him?
Answer: The first thing is to advise the woman with patience and to seek her reward from Allaah سبحانه و تعالى as this is indeed a great calamity that has befallen her regarding her children. We ask Allaah سبحانه و تعالى to make her affair easy and we advise her to make du’aa to Allaah سبحانه و تعالى to make her affair easy and to correct the affair and to correct this issue that has been the cause of her not talking to or seeing her children for that length of time.

As it relates to the daughters, they are acquiring sin by not contacting their mother. This type of contact and relationship with their mother is obligatory upon them. For them to continue in this type of cutting off of ties – this type of boycott/abandonment is not permissible no matter what reason they give. The mother has a great status in Islaam and a great status as it regards her children. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى will ask those daughters on the Day of Judgement about this mother and their relationship with their mother.

As it relates to her not having any contact with her daughters for three years – this is from despicable character, on the part of the one who has caused this disconnection between the two. We advise her to try to treat situation in best way possible even if she has to call her former husband and remind him to fear Allaah سبحانه و تعالى in a way that is better, even if she has to write to him reminding him about the duty a daughter has for their mother and the relationship that a mother and chid should be able to have.

Likewise, her speech with the daughters should be that which is lenient, gentle and not harsh. Maybe it was something that she said to the daughters about the (former) husband that caused him to take such a hard stance and cut-off the relationship between the daughters and the mother – maybe it is something he heard from her, or maybe not. If this was the reason then she should leave that off and she should make the relationship between her and her daughters be one of goodness and reminding one another to be obedient to Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and it should be a relationship based on helping them in obedience to Allaah عز و جل.

3. Question: We are living as a minority in the lands of the kuffar. Many incidents of verbal abuse occur here. For instance, you may be driving a vehicle and some of the kuffar use hand signals or yell out to you. Are you able to retaliate with the like of them, i.e., make hand signals back or stop the car to threaten them or should you have sabr(patience) so that you can also give them Da’wah to Islaam?
Answer: The answer is as the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “the Muslim is not one who curses others nor is he one who is a constant criticizer nor does he have a filthy mouth or filthy actions.”[7] This type of filth that is done with hand signals and verbal threats/abuse is not to be retaliated with its like, because the Believer, as the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, is not filthy in his actions or statements. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى says when describing the servants of Ar-Rahmaan:
وَإِذَا مَرُّوا بِاللَّغْوِ مَرُّوا كِرَاماً
{… and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.}[Al-Furqaan 25:72]

Also, Allaah سبحانه و تعالى says:
وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ
{… and turn away from the foolish} [Al-A’raaf 7:199]

However, if it is at all possible to give this person some advice or da’wah, then this should be done, if not, then one should walk by them, as the poet says: “And I may walk by a foolish person and he curses me and I keep on walking and I say that doesn’t concern me” Meaning that you walk by these type of people and you deal with them like you didn’t even see them do anything or hear them say anything.

4. Question: If sisters are taking Islaamic classes in the Masjid downstairs and the musallah is upstairs or vice versa and the salaah time comes in, is it a must for the sisters to attend the Jamaa’ah or can they do their salaah later?
Answer: That which is most appropriate i.e. that which the Muslimah should do if she is in the masjid at that time when the salaah is established, is to pray with the Muslims in Jamaa’ah. If salaah is taking place and she is sitting and talking with other sisters this is not appropriate; rather, if she is in the Masjid when the salaah is being made she should pray with the Muslims in Jamaa’ah.

5. Question: Can one give monetary assistance to needy kuffar in order to invite them to Islaam?
Answer: Yes, it is permissible to give assistance to the needy ones even if they are disbelievers. This assistance may be in the form of money in order to bring their hearts closer and to invite them to Islaam. In the books of Aadaab (characteristics, moral behaviour etc.) there is a chapter called “Giving a gift to the mushrik”and they give evidence for that. Likewise Allaah سبحانه و تعالى says in the Qur’aan:
لا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ  وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ
Allâh does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allâh loves those who deal with equity. [al-Mumtahanah 60:8]

It is stipulated as a condition when giving assistance in the form of money that you ensure that it is not used in a manner that is impermissible, for example, do not give to someone who will use it to buy intoxicants or to go and do something impermissible with a prostitute or to use it to gamble or the like. Rather, if they need to use it for food, drink their home etc. then this is permissible.

6. Question: What do you say about talking about the people of innovation in a joking manner, in order to laugh and joke about them and give them nicknames in order to belittle them?
Answer: To mention the bad characteristics of a person of bid’ah especially if he is one who calls to his bid’ah, then to mention his faults in giving naseehah and advice to the Muslim is permissible in order to warn the Muslims from this individual. However, the aspect of mocking this individual and being sarcastic and laughing at him etc. is not from advice to the Believers. It is very important that one differentiates between the two affairs: naseehah (advice) by mentioning the faults of the individual in order to warn the people and the other affair of mocking people which is a despicable trait.

7. Question: Is it allowed to read parenting books from non-Muslims, and applying those principles when raising our children so long as those principles and theories do not contradict Islamic teachings?
Answer: In the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and the Sunnah of His Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم you will find that which will suffice the Muslim and does not allow the Muslim to be left to these other means. That which is upon this woman and the likes of her is to go back to the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and the Sunnah of the Prophetصلى الله عليه و سلم and that which has been gathered from these two sources by the People of Knowledge, relating to the topic of tarbiyyah (nurturing and cultivating the children) so that she can nurture her children in accordance with the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and the Sunnah of the Prophet سلم صلى الله عليه و.

She should not go by herself and read the books written by people who are not trustworthy and then become fooled by them. Perhaps she may be one who is tried in her religion, or her children may be tried and tested with this type of fitnah and they may be raised in a manner which is far from that which Islaam commands and encourages us to be upon. And perhaps she may believe that these characteristics which she is trying to instill in her children are beneficial, and perhaps it may not occur to her until it is too late, that the things that she has been instilling in her children are wrong i.e. when she sees the negative results of giving them these characteristics that are far from the Book and the Sunnah.

As it is said ‘there is nothing equal to being safe’, so it is safe for her and better for her, and she will find that which is sufficient in turning back to Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and the Sunnah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم.

References

Al-Qur’an was-Sunnah Society of New York
http://albaseerah.org
http://studyislaam.org

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Acting Upon Knowledge

 

 

 

ACTING UPON KNOWLEDGE

 

ABU DARDA – The thing I fear the most is when I stand on the Day of Judgment it will be said to me “you learned and what did you act upon what you learned”

–Jamiah Bayaan Ilm Vol 1 pg 680

 

 

ABU DARDA – You will not be pious person except that you are a knowledgeable person and knowledge will not be good until you act upon it. Vol 1 pg 698

 

Ibn Masud – “Seek knowledge, seek knowledge” If you acquire it then act upon it

Vol 1 pg 705

 

Sufyan At Thawri – No Hadeeth from the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) reaches me ever except I act upon it even if it’s one time.

Al Seera Vol 7 pg 242

 

Ibraaheem Bin Ishaq – It’s befitting to a man if he heard anything of the etiquettes of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) he should hold/stick to it.

Al Seera Vol 15 pg 358

 

Amr Bin Qays Al Malaae – If you hear anything of good act upon it and you be from amongst those people even if it’s one time. Al Zuhd by Ahmed Pg 326

 

Maalik Bin Dinar – If a person seeks knowledge in order to act upon it, his knowledge will make him happy but if he seeks it for other than that, then it will increase him in pride, boasting.

Rawda Al Uqulah Pg 35

 

Sufyan Bin Uyanah – A scholar is not the one who knows good and evil but verily a scholar is the one who knows good and follows it and knows evil and stays away from it.

Hilyah Vol Pg 274

 

 

Hasan Al Bashari – The one who surpasses others in knowledge is a merit to surpass them in action. Vol 1 Pg 706

 

Imam Al Awzayee – If Allah wants evil for the people then He opens the door of argumentation to them and forbid them from acting (upon knowledge)

Iqtida Al Ilmul Amel Pg 112

 

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