Female Mufti

Female Mufti

Fatimah al-Samarqandiyyah Rahimahal-lah was the daughter of Sheikh Ala-uddin Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Abi Ahmad al-Samarqandi Rahimahul-lah, the author of Tuhfat al-Fuqaha. A commentary on this book, entitled Bada’i us-Sanaa’i, was written by Imam Abu Bakr Ibn Masoud Al-Kaasaani Rahimahul-lah, a student of Sheikh Ala’uddin. This commentary is one of the masterpieces of Hanafi Fiqh.  When Imam Kaasaani presented this book before his mentor, he was so pleased with it and accepted it as a mahr for his daughter’s marriage to him. Fatimah had received proposals from the kings of the time but these had been rejected by her father. Contemporary scholars would say: “He wrote a commentary on his Tuhfah and married his daughter!

 

To understand the scholarly greatness of this woman we first need to understand the luminosity of her husband. Imam Kaasaani was one of the great scholars of his time. He was known by the title ‘Malikul Ulama’ – the Ruler of the Scholars. His status can be gauged from his magnum opus, Bada’i us-Sanaa’i, in ten volumes. According to a number of Ulama, including Alaamah Aabideen Shaami Rahimahul-lah and others, this book is without a parallel in its field. He was extremely knowledgeable in the usool and furoo’, the principles and derivatives of jurisprudence. After completing his studies in Bukhara he traveled to Byzantium. From there he took up a position of teaching Hadeeth and Fiqh at Aleppo on the insistence of Noor ud-Deen Mahmood Ibn Zangi. Imam Kaasaani became renowned as a great scholar and author who was not afraid to speak out against the Mu’tazilah and the Innovators in his lectures. He was a dedicated teacher who took special care in teaching. Amazingly historical sources mention: “When he was in doubt he would consult his wife. She would advise him regarding the correct opinion and he would then accept her opinion.”

Fatimah was a great scholar of hadeeth and Fiqh. She had memorized her father’s compilation, Tuhfat al-Fuqaha. She was so proficient that when fatawaa were passed from this household, they would bear her signature, together with the signature of her father and her husband.

Lessons

1. Such women are the true role models for Muslim women to emulate. Their biographies have far more to offer than the film actresses, pop-stars and fashion models who have unfortunately been made into icons on the grounds of superficial beauty. 
2. An intelligent father sees to the religious upbringing of his daughter and marries her to the pious not necessarily the wealthy and influential.

References

1. Raddul Mukhtaar
2. Taaj at-Taarijim fi Tabaqaatil Hanafiyyah
3. Iqd ul-Jumaan fi Taareekh Ahl al-Zamaan
4. Bughyatut talab Fi Taareekh Halb

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Zainab Radhiyal-laahu Anha The Daughter of the Prophet sal-lal-laahu a’laihi was-sal-lam

Zainab Radhiyal-laahu Anha The Daughter of the Prophet sal-lal-laahu a’laihi was-sal-lam. Zainab Radhiyal-laahu Anha was the daughter of the Prophet Sal-lal-laahu a’laihi was-salaam alaihi Wasallam from his first wife, Khadijah Radhiyal-lahu Anha. Zainab Radhiyal-lahu anha was married to Abul Aas Ibn Rab’i. Abul Aas was a wealthy trader and businessman of Makkah and Khadijah Radhiyal-lahu anha was his maternal aunt. Zainab and Abul Aas had been married before the dawn of prophet hood. Zainab had then accepted Islam but Abul Aas remained a disbeliever. In the battle of Badr, Abu Aas fought on the side of the Quraish. He was taken captive by the Muslims and brought to Madinah. As it was decided that the captives would be released on payment of a ransom, Zainab Radhiyal-lahu anha sent some wealth as ransom which included a necklace given to her by her mother, Khadijah Radhiyal-lahu Anha. When the Prophet Sal-lal-laahu a’laihi was-salaam Alaihi Wasallam saw the necklace, compassion overtook him and he asked the Sahabah if they were willing to return the necklace to Zainab Radhiyal-laahu anha and return Abul Aas without payment of a ransom. They agreed. The Prophet Sal-lal-laahu a’laihi was-salaam Alaihi Wasallam instructed Abul Aas to allow Zainab Radhiyal-laahu anha to come to him in Madinah in return for his freedom. He agreed.

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Sheikh Saalih Al-Fawzan

Sheikh Salih al Fawzan’s daily talk before Taraweeh Prayer Sep 24, ’07
(Sheikh Saalih Al-Fawzan is a Professor of Islamic Jurisprudence, Member of the board of Senior Scholars & Member of the Permanent Committee for Fatwa & Research in Saudi)

(This is a qucik translation of Sheikh Salih al Fawzan’s daily talk
before Taraweeh Prayer in his Masjid in Malz, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia. This appears courtesy of Abu Isma’il Mustafa George, & the
‘Salafee Methodology’ yahoo group)

In The Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of His Mercy.
May peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammed, and
upon Muhammed’s family and companions.

For that which precedes,

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The Ant

The Ant

Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah

Reference: Miftaah Dar as Sa’aadah: 2/150

Also, ponder over the frail ant – the intelligence and dynamics it was granted in gathering, storing, preserving and repelling harms/disease from its provision. You will indeed see signs and lessons in this.

You see a group of ants, if they want to gather and store their sustenance, they depart from their swarm in search for it. When they find it, they make a pathway from their home to the food and embark on transporting it [back]. You find that they are two groups; a carrier group that carries the sustenance to their home in a line, and another group that does not cross paths with the first group which leaves it’s home headed for the sustenance. They are like two threads, like a group of people parting in one path, and another group beside them returning.

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Six Attacks by Shaytaan – Ten Defenses

Six Attacks by Shaytaan – Ten Defenses
Shaykh Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Naasir as-Sa`dee
Reference: Compiled by as Sa’dee from Ibnul Qayim’s book: Badaa-‘i al fawaa-id. Tareeq al Wusool ila al ‘Ilm al Mawool: p.129

The evil of Shaytaan is limited to six categories, he continues [to assault] mankind until he succeeds in one or more of them:
1) The evil of polytheism and disbelief;
2) Then innovations;
3) Next are the major sins;

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