How to perform Ghusul(Islaamic form of washing for the following reasons: New Muslim, After Sexual Intercourse, Washing the dead, Hajj & Umrah, Jumua’h, and the Two Eid)
Ghusul is of two kinds: Complete Ghusul and Sufficient Ghusul.
The Complete Ghusul: the person should have the intention (for Ghusul) and say Bismillaah and then he washes his hands three times, and washes the [private parts and removes any filth on his body], then he performs ablution like the one made for the prayer, then he rubs water through his head three times letting the water reach the roots of his hair, then he pours water over the entire body three times, beginning with the right side of the body and then the left part, and he rubbing his body with his hands while making sure that the water reaches all his body and hair. The evidence for this is that ‘Aa’ishah narrated that when the Prophet would perform Ghusul after sexual intercourse, he would start by washing his hands, then he would pour water with his right hand into his left hand and wash his private parts, then he would perform ablution in the same manner that he would perform ablution for the prayer, and then he would take some water and put his fingers to the roots of his hair until he believes that the skin is wet, then he would take a scoop of water with both hands and pour it over his head, and he would do this three times, and then pour water over the rest of his body and finally he would wash his feet.” [Al-Bukhaari & Muslim]. Another narration reads: ‘‘He used to rub his head with his hands until he was certain the water reached his skin, then he poured water over it [hair] three times.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
The second evidence is that Maymoonah narrated: ‘‘I put water out for the Prophet so that he would perform Ghusul. So, he poured water on his hands and washed them two times or three times, then he poured water from his right hand into his left hand and washed his private parts, then he wiped his hands on the earth, then he rinsed his mouth and nose, then he washed his face and hands, then he washed his head three times and then he poured water over his body, and then he moved from his place and washed his feet.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
The Sufficient Ghusul: It is to remove the impurity from one’s body, then one intends (Ghusul) and says ‘Bismillaah’ and then washes his entire body including his mouth and nose, and his hair (from root to tip).
Ghusul is either obligatory or desirable:
There are six acts which make Ghusul obligatory:
1- Discharge of Manee (sperm) due to sexual desire when a person is awake, or if the person is asleep, then this is known as having a wet dream [and it is not a condition to have a sexual desire].
2- When the glens of the penis enter the vagina, this is known by touching the two circumcised parts. The Prophet, said: “When any one sits between the four parts of her (his wife’s) body and exerts her (has intercourse with her), then performing Ghusul becomes obligatory (for both),” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] and there is an addition in some other narrations ‘‘even if he had no ejaculation’’ [Ahmad and Muslim] .
3- When a non-Muslim embraces Islam.
4- After monthly menstruation stops.
5- After post-partum bleeding stops.
6- Death: (when a Muslim dies) with the exception of the martyr and the one who was killed unjustly. Both do not need to be washed.
The desirable Ghusul are so many, among which are the following;
1- Friday Ghusul. Some Scholars are even of the view that it is an obligatory bath. In any case, it is better to keep performing it.
2- Making Ghusul before entering in the state of Ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah.
3- Performing Ghusul before ‘Eid prayers.
4- Making Ghusul after having washed a dead Muslim.
There are other kinds of Ghusul.
Allah Knows best.