No matter how bad you think you are, you can always become better.
‘Abdullahbin al-Mubarak (died 181 AH) was a scholar known for simultaneously combining numerous traits of virtue. In fact, his friends would sit and count all of the good things that were part of his character and personality. adh-Dhahabi related that they said: “Let’s sit and count the good traits that Ibn al-Mubarak has.” So, they ended up listing: “Knowledge, Fiqh, literature, grammar, language, zuhd, eloquence, poetry, praying at night, worship, Hajj, Jihad, bravery, instinct, strength, speaking little in what doesn’t concern him, fairness, and lack of conflict with his companions.”
1- No matter how bad you think you are, you can always become better.
In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159), al-Qadi ‘Iyad mentioned that Ibn al-Mubarak was asked about the circumstances in which he began studying. He replied: “I was a youth who drank wine and loved music and singing while engaging in these filthy acts. So, I gathered some friends to one of my gardens where there were sweet apples, and we ate and drank until we passed out while drunk. At the end of the night, I woke up and picked up the stringed ‘oud and began singing:
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/323), Ibn al-Jawzimentioned: “Ibn al-Mubarak’s home in Marw was vast. It measured fifty square yards. There was no person known for knowledge, worship,manhood, or high status in Marw except that you saw him in this house.”
3 – You should be a helpful guest.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah'(2/324), it is narrated that when an-Nadr bin Muhammad’s son got married, he invited Ibn al-Mubarak, “and when he arrived, Ibnal-Mubarak got up to serve the guests. an-Nadr did not leave him and swore that he would tell him to leave until he finally sat down.”
4 – You should give money to the poor.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/327), Ibn al-Jawzi mentions that Ibn al-Mubarak “would spend a hundred thousand dirhams a year on the poor.”
5 – You should always return borrowed items to their owners.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah'(2/329), al-Hasan bin ‘Arafah said that ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak toldhim: “I borrowed a pen from someone in Sham, and I intended to returnit to its owner. When I arrived in Marw (in Turkmenistan! ), I saw thatI still had it with me. Abu ‘Ali (al-Hasan’s nickname), I went all theway back to Sham to return the pen to its owner!”
6 – You should be brave, and hide your good deeds:
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah'(2/329), ‘Abdah bin Sulayman said: “We were on an expedition in thelands of the Romans with ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. We met the enemy,and when the two armies met, a man came out from their side calling fora duel. One of our men went out to him and dueled with him for an hour,injuring him and killing him. Another came out, and he killed him. Hecalled for another duel, and another man came out. They dueled for anhour, and he injured and killed him as well. The people gathered aroundthis man, and I was with them, and saw that he was covering his facewith his sleeve. I took the edge of his sleeve and pulled it away tofind that it was ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak,” and he made him swear thathe wouldn’t reveal his identity until the day he died.
7 – You should have a tender heart.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah'(2/330), al-Qasim bin Muhammad said: “We were on a journey with Ibnal-Mubarak, and I was always asking myself: what is so special aboutthis man that he is so famous? If he prays, so do we. If he fasts, sodo we. If he fights, so do we. If he makes Hajj, so do we.
One night, we spent the night in a house travelling on the way toSham. The lamp went out, and some of us woke up. So, he took the lampoutside to light it, and stayed outside for a while. When he came backin with the lamp, I caught a glimpse of Ibn al-Mubarak’s face, and sawthat his beard was wet with his tears. I said to myself: “This fear ofAllah is what has made this man better than us. When the lamp went outand we were in darkness, he remembered the Day of Resurrection. “”
8 – You should be generous to your friends.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah'(2/329), Isma’il bin ‘Ayyash said: “I don’t know of a single good traitexcept that Allah has placed it in ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. My friendstold me that they were travelling with him from Egypt to Makkah, and hewas serving them khabis (a sweet flour dish) while he was fasting the entire trip.”
9 – You should not give in to Satan’s whispers.
In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159),it is related that Ibn al-Mubarak was making ablution, and Satan cameto him and said: “You did not wipe over this part of your body.” Ibnal-Mubarak said: “I did.” Satan said: “No, you didn’t.” So, Ibnal-Mubarak said: “You are the one making the claim, and you musttherefore bring proof to back the claim up.”
10 – You should sincerely pray for people to accept Islam.
In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/162),it is related that al-Hasan bin ‘Isa bin Sirjis would walk by Ibnal-Mubarak, and he was a Christian. Ibn al-Mubarak asked who he was,and was told: “He is a Christian.” So, Ibn al-Mubarak said: “O Allah,grant him Islam.” So, Allah answered his supplication, and al-Hasanbecame an excellent Muslim, and he travelled to seek knowledge andbecame one of the scholars of the Ummah.”